Seçim 2023: Cumhurbaşkanı ve Milletvekili Seçimi Sonuçları Açıklandı
Seçim 2023: Turkey's Presidential and Parliamentary Elections
Turkey is heading to a crucial election on May 14, 2023, that will determine its political future for the next five years. The election will be held under a new presidential system that was adopted in 2017 and implemented in 2018, giving sweeping powers to the president as both head of state and government. The election will also renew the 600-seat parliament, which shares legislative authority with the president.
The main contenders in the presidential race are incumbent Recep Tayyip Erdoğan from the Justice and Development Party (AKP), who is seeking his third term in office, and Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu from the main opposition Republican People's Party (CHP), who is challenging Erdoğan for the second time. Both candidates have formed electoral alliances with smaller parties to boost their chances of winning. Erdoğan's People Alliance includes the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) and two minor parties, while Kılıçdaroğlu's Nation Alliance includes the İYİ Party, the Greens and Left Future Party, and two minor parties. Other candidates include Ümit Özdağ from the newly formed Zafer Party, Erkan Baş from the Workers' Party of Turkey, Mustafa Destici from the Great Unity Party, Meral Akşener from İYİ Party (running as an independent), Çiğdem Kılıçgün Uçar from Yeşiller ve Sol Gelecek Partisi (running as an independent), İbrahim Akın from Yeniden Refah Partisi (running as an independent), Fatih Erbakan from Yeniden Refah Partisi (running as an independent), and Selahattin Demirtaş from Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) (running from prison).
The main issues and challenges facing Turkey in this election are manifold. They include managing the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic fallout, restoring trust in democratic institutions and human rights, improving relations with neighboring countries and allies, resolving regional conflicts and security threats, addressing social polarization and cultural diversity, and ensuring a fair and free electoral process.
The Electoral System
Turkey has a two-round presidential election system. In the first round, if no candidate receives more than 50% of the vote, a second round is held between the top two candidates two weeks later. The president is elected for a term of five years and can serve for a maximum of two terms.
Elections for the 600 members of parliament are carried out through a system of proportional representation, so voters vote for party lists rather than candidates. The parliament is divided into 87 electoral districts that elect different numbers of MPs depending on their population. To enter parliament, a party needs to get 7% of the vote nationwide or be part of an alliance that does. Candidates must be at least 18 years old. To obtain a parliamentary majority, a party or alliance must hold more than Continuing the article: 300 seats. The president can dissolve parliament and call for early elections, and parliament can also call for early presidential and parliamentary elections with a three-fifths majority vote.
The electoral system has been criticized by some opposition parties and civil society groups for being unfair and undemocratic. They argue that the 7% threshold is too high and excludes many parties from representation, that the electoral districts are not equally distributed and favor rural areas over urban ones, that the presidential system concentrates too much power in one person and undermines the separation of powers, and that the state media and institutions are biased in favor of the ruling party and alliance.
The Opinion Polls
The opinion polls show a tight race between Erdoğan and Kılıçdaroğlu, with neither of them likely to win in the first round. According to the latest average of polls by Konda, a reputable polling company, Erdoğan has 41.6% of the vote, Kılıçdaroğlu has 38.4%, Akşener has 8.9%, Demirtaş has 5.7%, Özdağ has 2.1%, Baş has 1.5%, Destici has 0.8%, Uçar has 0.6%, Akın has 0.3%, Erbakan has 0.2%, and undecided voters make up 9.9%. In a possible second round, Konda predicts that Kılıçdaroğlu would win with 51.4% against Erdoğan's 48.6%.
However, the polls are not very reliable and can change depending on various factors, such as voter turnout, campaign strategies, media coverage, economic conditions, security incidents, and external events. The polls also have different methodologies and margins of error, and some of them may be influenced by political or ideological biases. Therefore, the polls should be taken with a grain of salt and not be seen as definitive indicators of the outcome.
Seçim 2023 anket sonuçları
Seçim 2023 cumhurbaşkanlığı adayları
Seçim 2023 ittifaklar
Seçim 2023 yurt dışı oy kullanma
Seçim 2023 seçmen listeleri
Seçim 2023 takvimi
Seçim 2023 son dakika haberleri
Seçim 2023 milletvekili dağılımı
Seçim 2023 sandık başına kaç oy düşer
Seçim 2023 baraj oranı
Seçim 2023 canlı yayın
Seçim 2023 seçim beyannameleri
Seçim 2023 miting programları
Seçim 2023 seçmen kütüğü sorgulama
Seçim 2023 seçim güvenliği
Seçim 2023 yasakları
Seçim 2023 propaganda süresi
Seçim 2023 seçmen sayısı
Seçim 2023 oy pusulası örneği
Seçim 2023 seçim bölgeleri
Seçim 2023 siyasi partilerin oy oranları
Seçim 2023 cumhurbaşkanlığı ikinci tur tarihi
Seçim 2023 seçmen kağıdı nasıl alınır
Seçim 2023 sandık görevlisi başvurusu
Seçim 2023 seçmen taşıma iddiaları
Seçim 2023 erken seçim ihtimali
Seçim 2023 yeni anayasa teklifi
Seçim 2023 siyasi partilerin genel başkanları
Seçim 2023 aday listeleri ne zaman açıklanacak
Seçim 2023 mazbata teslim tarihi
Seçim 2023 seyyar sandık kuruluşu
Seçim 2023 ysk kararları
Seçim 2023 siyasi partilerin seçime katılım şartları
Seçim 2023 cumhurbaşkanlığı sistemine göre nasıl yapılacak
Seçim 2023 seçmen eğitimi videoları
Seçim 2023 sosyal medya kampanyaları
Seçim 2023 anket şirketleri güvenilirliği
Seçim 2023 siyasi partilerin seçime girecek illeri
Seçim 2023 bağımsız adaylar nasıl olacak
Seçim 2023 oy verme işlemi nasıl yapılır
Seçim 2023 sandık kurulu üyeleri nasıl belirlenir
Seçim 2023 oy sayımı nasıl yapılır
Seçim 2023 itiraz süreleri ve usulleri
Seçim 2023 sonuçlarının açıklanma şekli ve zamanı
Seçim 2023 siyasi partilerin seçime hazırlık çalışmaları
Seçim 2023 kamuoyunu etkileyen gündem konuları
Seçim 2023 siyasi partilerin seçmen profilleri ve beklentileri
The possible scenarios and outcomes of the election are diverse and uncertain. Some of them are:
Erdoğan wins in the first round with more than 50% of the vote, securing his third term as president and maintaining his dominance over Turkish politics.
Kılıçdaroğlu wins in the second round with a narrow margin, ending Erdoğan's rule and ushering in a new era of political change and reform.
Akşener surprises everyone and makes it to the second round, challenging Erdoğan or Kılıçdaroğlu with her nationalist and conservative appeal.
Demirtaş mobilizes the Kurdish vote and surpasses the 7% threshold, giving his party a significant presence in parliament and a potential kingmaker role.
Özdağ or Baş attract enough votes from the dissatisfied segments of society to create a new political force or spoil the chances of other candidates.
Destici, Uçar, Akın, or Erbakan manage to get some votes from their niche constituencies but fail to make any significant impact on the overall result.
The Current Issues
Turkey is facing many challenges and problems in its domestic and foreign affairs that will shape the agenda and discourse of the election campaign. Some of the most important ones are:
Turkey has been hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic, which has claimed more than 100,000 lives and infected more than 7 million people in the country as of June 2023. The government has imposed various measures to contain the spread of the virus, such as lockdowns, curfews, travel bans, mask mandates, social distancing rules, and vaccination campaigns. However, these measures have also caused economic hardship, social discontent, public health issues, and educational disruptions for millions of people.
The government's handling of the pandemic has been criticized by some opposition parties, health experts, media outlets, and civil society organizations for being inconsistent, ineffective, opaque, politicized, and authoritarian. They accuse the government of hiding or manipulating data, mismanaging resources, violating human rights, silencing dissenting voices, favoring cronies or allies over others, Continuing the article: and failing to cooperate with the international community. They also demand more transparency, accountability, participation, solidarity, and scientific guidance in the pandemic response.
Turkey has been involved in several conflicts and disputes with its neighbors and allies in recent years, affecting its regional and global role and reputation. Some of the most prominent ones are:
The Syrian civil war, where Turkey has supported some rebel groups against the Assad regime and its allies, Russia and Iran, and has launched military operations against the Kurdish forces in northern Syria, who are backed by the US and the EU.
The Libyan civil war, where Turkey has intervened militarily and diplomatically to support the UN-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) against the rival Libyan National Army (LNA) led by Khalifa Haftar, who is supported by Egypt, the UAE, France, and Russia.